How Serious Is Polymyalgia?

What triggers polymyalgia rheumatica?

The cause of PMR is uncertain but it is believed to be an autoimmune disease in which the body’s own immune system attacks healthy tissues.

Genetic and environmental factors (such as infections) are thought to play important roles..

What does polymyalgia pain feel like?

The signs and symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica usually occur on both sides of the body and might include: Aches or pain in your shoulders. Aches or pain in your neck, upper arms, buttocks, hips or thighs. Stiffness in affected areas, particularly in the morning or after being inactive for a time.

Is polymyalgia worse than fibromyalgia?

Both fibromyalgia and polymyalgia are more common in women than men. Fibromyalgia can occur at any age, but polymyalgia rarely occurs before age 50. The average age of onset is 70. And whereas fibromyalgia is chronic, often lasting a lifetime, polymyalgia usually resolves itself within two years.

What is the prognosis for polymyalgia rheumatica?

With early diagnosis and correct therapy, patients have an excellent prognosis. The average length of disease is 3 years. However, exacerbations may occur if steroids are tapered too rapidly, and relapse is common, affecting up to 25% of all treated patients.

Can polymyalgia affect your legs?

Symptoms may include muscle pain (myalgia) and stiffness in the neck, shoulders, upper arms, lower back, hips, and/or thighs. The lower arms, hands, lower legs, and feet (distal extremities) are not usually affected by this disorder.

Is exercise good for polymyalgia?

Exercise, such as cycling and swimming, can help loosen stiff muscles and joints, while also promoting better bone health, body weight, blood circulation, and sleep. Yoga and tai chi can provide flexibility to help improve PMR joint and muscle symptoms.

What is the best pain relief for polymyalgia?

Polymyalgia rheumatica is usually treated with a low dose of an oral corticosteroid, such as prednisone (Rayos). You’ll likely start to feel relief from pain and stiffness within the first two or three days.

How long can you take steroids for polymyalgia?

Normally, steroid treatment for polymyalgia rheumatica will be taken as tablets. Your symptoms may almost disappear after four weeks of steroid treatment. However, treatment usually needs to continue for up to two years, or occasionally longer, to stop the symptoms returning.

Can a blood test detect polymyalgia rheumatica?

Tests. There’s no specific test for polymyalgia rheumatica, but it’s likely that a series of blood tests will be done. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are blood tests that can be used to check the levels of inflammation in your body.

Is polymyalgia a form of arthritis?

Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a chronic inflammatory condition that predominantly involves large joints and periarticular structures. Following rheumatoid arthritis, PMR is the second most common autoimmune rheumatic disease, with a lifetime risk of approximately 2%.

Is polymyalgia classed as a disability?

Although polymyalgia rheumatica is a long-term disease, it usually responds well to treatment and, unlike some other forms of rheumatism (diseases marked by inflammation and pain in the joints, muscles, or fibrous tissue) it does not cause any progressive disability or deformity.