Question: How Can You Prevent Communicable Diseases?

What is a communicable disease?

Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases or transmissible diseases, are illnesses that result from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic (capable of causing disease) biologic agents in an individual human or other animal host..

What are the 3 types of prevention?

The three levels of preventive care—primary, secondary, and tertiary care—are detailed below:Primary Prevention. Primary prevention aims to avoid the development of a disease or disability in healthy individuals. … Secondary Prevention. … Tertiary Prevention.

What is the most common communicable disease?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

How we can prevent communicable diseases?

Protect Yourself With Healthy Habits#1 Handle & Prepare Food Safely. Food can carry germs. … #2 Wash Hands Often. … #3 Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … #4 Cough and Sneeze into a Tissue or Your Sleeve. … #5 Don’t Share Personal Items. … #6 Get Vaccinated. … #7 Avoid Touching Wild Animals. … #8 Stay Home When Sick.

How many types of communicable disease are there?

Types and symptoms. Four main types of pathogens cause infection: Viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protists.

What are examples of primary prevention?

Primary prevention includes those preventive measures that come before the onset of illness or injury and before the disease process begins. Examples include immunization and taking regular exercise to prevent health problems developing in the future.

What are the top 3 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable DiseasesMRSA.Pertussis.Rabies.Sexually Transmitted Disease.Shigellosis.Tuberculosis.West Nile Virus.Zika.More items…

Who is at risk for communicable diseases?

Key risk factors include crowded conditions, forced displacement, poor quality shelter, poor water, sanitation and hygiene, lack of healthcare facilities and lack of adequate surveillance.

What is communicable disease give example?

Some examples of reportable communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

What are the 5 levels of prevention?

Levels of the prevention are mainly categorized as primordial, primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention.

Can disease be prevented?

Vaccines are available to prevent many common infectious diseases, including hepatitis, diphtheria, influenza and herpes zoster. The CDC has updated recommendations for vaccinations for children, adolescents and adults. There are new platforms for delivery of vaccinations and research on new pathogens.

What are the main causes of communicable diseases?

Overview. Communicable, or infectious diseases, are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi that can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Some are transmitted through bites from insects while others are caused by ingesting contaminated food or water.

What are the 5 non communicable diseases?

Examples of NCDs include:Alzheimer’s.Asthma.Cataracts.Chronic Kidney Disease.Chronic Lung Disease.Diabetes.Fibromyalgia.Heart Disease.More items…•

What are the 10 communicable diseases?

Ebola.Influenza.Mumps.Norovirus.Pertussis.Tuberculosis.Coronavirus.