Question: What Is Congenital Heart Disease

How long can you live with congenital heart disease?

Survival.

About 97% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to one year of age.

About 95% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to 18 years of age..

What are the 4 stages of congestive heart failure?

There are four stages of heart failure (Stage A, B, C and D). The stages range from “high risk of developing heart failure” to “advanced heart failure,” and provide treatment plans.

What are the 4 signs your heart is quietly failing?

Heart failure signs and symptoms may include:Shortness of breath (dyspnea) when you exert yourself or when you lie down.Fatigue and weakness.Swelling (edema) in your legs, ankles and feet.Rapid or irregular heartbeat.Reduced ability to exercise.Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm.More items…

What is the most common cause of congenital heart disease?

Genetic conditions Down’s syndrome is the most widely-known genetic condition that can cause congenital heart disease. Children with Down’s syndrome are born with a range of disabilities as the result of a genetic abnormality.

Can congenital heart disease be cured?

There is no cure for CHD. Many people have surgeries to repair their heart, however, they are not cured. There may be long-term effects of heart surgery, such as abnormal heartbeats. A cardiologist can often detect problems with your heart before you notice any symptoms.

Which of the following is congenital heart disease?

Ventricular septal defect (VSD), atrial septal defects, and tetralogy of Fallot are the most common congenital heart defects seen in the VACTERL association. Less common defects in the association are truncus arteriosus and transposition of the great arteries.

Why do heart patients drink less water?

Heart failure is a condition in which the heart is no longer able to pump oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body efficiently. This causes fluid to build up in your body. Limiting how much you drink and how much salt (sodium) you take in can help prevent these symptoms.

What is congenital heart disease and its treatment?

Many children with congenital heart defects don’t need treatment, but others do. Treatment can include medicines, catheter procedures, surgery, and heart transplants. The treatment depends on the type of the defect, how severe it is, and a child’s age, size, and general health.

How does congenital heart disease affect your life?

Some congenital heart defects send more blood to the lungs, causing pressure to build. This eventually causes your heart muscle to weaken and sometimes to fail. Heart failure. Heart failure (congestive heart failure) means your heart can’t pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs.

Is congenital heart disease the same as congenital heart defect?

The word “congenital” means existing at birth. The terms “congenital heart defect” and “congenital heart disease” are often used to mean the same thing, but “defect” is more accurate. This kind of heart ailment is a defect or abnormality, not a disease.

How common is congenital heart disease?

Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect in the United States, affecting nearly 1% (about 40,000) of births per year. CHDs are present at birth and they affect the structure of a baby’s heart and the way it works. About 1 in 4 babies born with a heart defect has a critical CHD.

What are the signs of end stage congestive heart failure?

The symptoms of end-stage congestive heart failure include dyspnea, chronic cough or wheezing, edema, nausea or lack of appetite, a high heart rate, and confusion or impaired thinking. Learn about the hospice eligibility requirements for end-stage heart failure.

Can adults have congenital heart disease?

Congenital heart defects may produce symptoms at birth, during childhood and sometimes not until adulthood. 800,000 adults in the United States have grown into adulthood with congenital heart disease. This number increases by about 20,000 each year. Adult congenital heart disease is not uncommon.

Is congenital heart disease genetic?

Most young people with congenital heart defects are living into adulthood now. In most cases, the cause is unknown. Sometimes a viral infection in the mother causes the condition. The condition can be genetic (hereditary).

Do congenital heart defects run in families?

Congenital heart defects sometimes run in families and may be associated with a genetic syndrome. Many children with Down syndrome — which is caused by an extra 21st chromosome (trisomy 21) — have heart defects.

How is CHD diagnosed?

To diagnose congenital heart disease, your doctor will do a physical exam and listen to your heart with a stethoscope. You will be asked questions about your symptoms and medical and family history. Tests to diagnose or rule out congenital heart disease include: Electrocardiogram (ECG).

How is congenital heart disease diagnosed?

Your cardiologist can perform a range of tests to evaluate your heart problem. At your appointment, your cardiologist will take your medical history and perform a physical exam. He or she may also order an electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG), chest X-ray or an echocardiogram (ultrasound movie of the heart).

How is congenital heart disease prevented?

Avoid drinking alcohol or taking medication. Take 400 micrograms of folic acid supplement a day during the first trimester (first 12 weeks) of your pregnancy – this lowers your risk of giving birth to a child with congenital heart disease, as well as several other types of birth defect.