Question: When Would You Give A Hypotonic Solution?

What is an example of a hypertonic solution?

Here are a few examples: Saline solution, or a solution that contains salts, is hypertonic.

A solution of 5% dextrose (sugar) and 0.45% sodium chloride is an example of a hypertonic solution – so is a solution of 5% dextrose and 0.9% sodium chloride..

What is an example of a hypotonic solution?

A common example of a hypotonic solution is 0.45% normal saline (half normal saline). When a patient develops diabetic ketoacidosis, the intracellular space becomes dehydrated, so the administration of a hypotonic solution helps to rehydrate the cells.

How does isotonic solution treat dehydration?

Isotonic IV solutions restore fluid volume because they fill the tissues and maintain fluid volume more effectively than hypertonic or hypotonic solutions.

What are hypotonic IV solutions used for?

Hypotonic IV fluids are usually used to provide free water for excretion of body wastes, treat cellular dehydration, and replace the cellular fluid.

Why would you give a patient a hypotonic solution?

Hypotonic solution: A solution that contains fewer dissolved particles (such as salt and other electrolytes) than is found in normal cells and blood. Hypotonic solutions are commonly used to give fluids intravenously to hospitalized patients in order to treat or avoid dehydration.

What is one indication for the administration of a hypotonic solution?

Hypotonic solution: A solution that contains fewer dissolved particles (such as salt and other electrolytes) than is found in normal cells and blood. Hypotonic solutions are commonly used to give fluids intravenously to hospitalized patients in order to treat or avoid dehydration.

What is isotonic solution example?

A solution is isotonic when its effective osmole concentration is the same as that of another solution. This state provides the free movement of water across the membrane without changing the concentration of solutes on either side. Some examples of isotonic solutions are 0.9% normal saline and lactated ringers.

What is considered a hypotonic solution?

A hypotonic solution is any solution that has a lower osmotic pressure than another solution. In the biological fields, this generally refers to a solution that has less solute and more water than another solution.

What is the difference between hypotonic and hypertonic solution?

A solution will be hypertonic to a cell if its solute concentration is higher than that inside the cell, and the solutes cannot cross the membrane. If a cell is placed in a hypotonic solution, there will be a net flow of water into the cell, and the cell will gain volume.

What are the 3 main types of IV fluids?

Here is a brief description of each:0.9% Normal Saline (NS, 0.9NaCl, or NSS) … Lactated Ringers (LR, Ringers Lactate, or RL) … Dextrose 5% in Water (D5 or D5W, an intravenous sugar solution) … 0.45% Normal Saline (Half Normal Saline, 0.45NaCl, .

When would you use a hypertonic solution?

Used to treat dehydration and decrease sodium and potassium levels. Not administered with blood as it can cause hemolysis of RBCs. Hypertonic solutions have a concentration of dissolved particles higher than plasma and an osmolality > 375 mOsm/L.

When would you use hypertonic or hypotonic solutions?

You want to give your patients a solution that has the tonicity that is opposite their problem most of the time. For example, if your patient is dehydrated their blood is hypertonic. They will need a hypotonic solution to bring their tonicity back within normal ranges.