Quick Answer: What Are The Most Common Side Effects Of Hydrochlorothiazide?

What does hydrochlorothiazide do to the body?

Hydrochlorothiazide belongs to a class of drugs known as diuretics/”water pills.” It works by causing you to make more urine.

This helps your body get rid of extra salt and water.

This medication also reduces extra fluid in the body (edema) caused by conditions such as heart failure, liver disease, or kidney disease..

What is an alternative to hydrochlorothiazide?

While numerous thiazide diuretics are available, hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) is by far the most commonly used diuretic in the United States, with an estimated 50 million prescriptions written annually. Notable alternatives to HCTZ include indapamide and chlorthalidone (CTD).

How long should you take hydrochlorothiazide?

Adults—The usual dose is 25 to 100 milligrams (mg) daily as a single or divided dose. Your doctor may want you to take this dose every other day or on 3 to 5 days each week.

Does hydrochlorothiazide make you pee a lot?

Hydrochlorothiazide is a “water pill” (diuretic) that causes you to make more urine, which helps your body get rid of extra salt and water. This product is used when one drug is not controlling your blood pressure.

Should you take hydrochlorothiazide in the morning or at night?

You can take hydrochlorothiazide with or without food. Take this drug in the morning, not the evening. This drug may make you urinate more. Taking it in the evening can make you need to get up at night to use the bathroom.

What are the 4 worst blood pressure medicines?

thiazide diuretics (chlorthalidone, hydrochlorothiazide) ACE inhibitors (benazepril, zofenopril, lisinopril, and many others) calcium channel blockers (amlodipine, diltiazem) angiotensin II receptor blockers (losartan, valsartan)

What happens when you stop taking hydrochlorothiazide?

You may need to use blood pressure medicine for the rest of your life. Do not stop using hydrochlorothiazide and metoprolol suddenly, even if you feel fine. Stopping suddenly may cause serious or life-threatening heart problems. Follow your doctor’s instructions about tapering your dose.

Should you drink a lot of water when taking hydrochlorothiazide?

Be careful not to become overheated or dehydrated in hot weather while taking hydrochlorothiazide. Talk to your doctor about how much fluid you should be drinking; in some cases drinking too much fluid is just as harmful as not drinking enough fluids.

What is the best time of day to take hydrochlorothiazide?

AdvertisementIf you are to take a single dose a day, take it in the morning after breakfast.If you are to take more than one dose a day, take the last dose no later than 6 p.m., unless otherwise directed by your doctor.

How long do side effects of hydrochlorothiazide last?

It can take 30 to 75 hours for hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide) to be completely removed from the body. However, the effects of hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide) usually only last up to 12 hours.

Is Hydrochlorothiazide hard on your kidneys?

Hydrochlorothiazide can aggravate kidney dysfunction and is used with caution in patients with kidney disease. Hydrochlorothiazide can lower blood potassium, sodium, and magnesium levels.

What is the first sign of kidney problems?

Signs and symptoms of acute kidney failure may include: Decreased urine output, although occasionally urine output remains normal. Fluid retention, causing swelling in your legs, ankles or feet. Shortness of breath.

What drugs are toxic to kidneys?

Which Drugs are Harmful to Your Kidneys?Pain Medications. Your kidneys could be damaged if you take large amounts of over-the-counter medications, such as aspirin, naproxen and ibuprofen. … Alcohol. … Antibiotics. … Prescription Laxatives. … Contrast Dye (used in some diagnostic tests such as MRIs) … Illegal Drugs. … What should you do?

What are the long term effects of taking hydrochlorothiazide?

If it continues for a long time, the heart and arteries may not function properly. This can damage the blood vessels of the brain, heart, and kidneys, resulting in a stroke, heart failure, or kidney failure. High blood pressure may also increase the risk of heart attacks.

Who should not take hydrochlorothiazide?

You should not use hydrochlorothiazide if you are unable to urinate. Before using hydrochlorothiazide, tell your doctor if you have liver disease, kidney disease, glaucoma, asthma or allergies, gout, diabetes, or if you are allergic to sulfa drugs or penicillin.

Can I drink any alcohol at all while taking hydrochlorothiazide?

What should I avoid while taking hydrochlorothiazide? Drinking alcohol with this medicine can cause side effects. Avoid becoming overheated or dehydrated during exercise, in hot weather, or by not drinking enough fluids. Follow your doctor’s instructions about the type and amount of liquids you should drink.

Do you lose weight on hydrochlorothiazide?

The effective dose of hydrochlorothiazide in 52% of these responders was 50 mg/day, and this was associated with weight loss averaging 1.58 kg. An additional 29% achieved goal BP with a similar degree of weight loss, but they required double the dose, or 100 mg/day.