What Is Considered Congenital Heart Disease?

Is congenital heart disease curable?

There is no cure for CHD.

Many people have surgeries to repair their heart, however, they are not cured.

There may be long-term effects of heart surgery, such as abnormal heartbeats.

A cardiologist can often detect problems with your heart before you notice any symptoms..

Is CHD considered heart disease?

Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are the most common type of birth defect. As medical care and treatment have advanced, babies with a CHD are living longer and healthier lives.

How early can congenital heart defects be detected?

You can have this test at about 18 to 24 weeks of pregnancy. You may need a fetal echocardiogram if: Your provider finds a possible problem, like an abnormal heart rhythm in your baby, during an ultrasound.

Is congenital heart disease genetic?

Most young people with congenital heart defects are living into adulthood now. In most cases, the cause is unknown. Sometimes a viral infection in the mother causes the condition. The condition can be genetic (hereditary).

Is congenital heart defect the same as heart disease?

This kind of heart ailment is a defect or abnormality, not a disease. A congenital heart defect (CHD) results when the heart, or blood vessels near the heart, don’t develop normally before birth.

How do you know if you have a congenital heart defect?

Tests to diagnose a congenital heart defectFetal echocardiogram. … Echocardiogram. … Electrocardiogram. … Chest X-ray. … Pulse oximetry. … Cardiac catheterization. … Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

How does congenital heart disease affect your life?

Some congenital heart defects send more blood to the lungs, causing pressure to build. This eventually causes your heart muscle to weaken and sometimes to fail. Heart failure. Heart failure (congestive heart failure) means your heart can’t pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs.

Can you have congenital heart disease and not know it?

Congenital heart defects may be diagnosed before birth, right after birth, during childhood or not until adulthood. It is possible to have a defect and no symptoms at all. In adults, if symptoms of congenital heart disease are present, they may include: shortness of breath.

What is the most common type of congenital heart defect?

The most common type of heart defect is a ventricular septal defect (VSD).

How do I know if my child has heart problems?

Signs and symptoms of heart defects If children do have symptoms, they often develop in the first few weeks after they are born. Common symptoms include: blue colour around the lips and blue skin (cyanosis) difficulty feeding (especially becoming sweaty during feeds)

How is congenital heart disease prevented?

Avoid drinking alcohol or taking medication. Take 400 micrograms of folic acid supplement a day during the first trimester (first 12 weeks) of your pregnancy – this lowers your risk of giving birth to a child with congenital heart disease, as well as several other types of birth defect.

What are the 4 stages of congestive heart failure?

There are four stages of heart failure (Stage A, B, C and D). The stages range from “high risk of developing heart failure” to “advanced heart failure,” and provide treatment plans.

How common is congenital heart disease?

Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect in the United States, affecting nearly 1% (about 40,000) of births per year. CHDs are present at birth and they affect the structure of a baby’s heart and the way it works. About 1 in 4 babies born with a heart defect has a critical CHD.

What are the types of congenital heart disease?

Congenital heart disease refers to a range of possible heart defects.Aortic valve stenosis. Aortic valve stenosis is a serious type of congenital heart defect. … Coarctation of the aorta. … Ebstein’s anomaly. … Patent ductus arteriosus. … Pulmonary valve stenosis. … Septal defects. … Single ventricle defects. … Tetralogy of Fallot.More items…