What Is The Best Treatment For Myocardial Infarction?

How do you treat a patient with a myocardial infarction?

How is acute myocardial infarction treated?Blood thinners, such as aspirin, are often used to break up blood clots and improve blood flow through narrowed arteries.Thrombolytics are often used to dissolve clots.More items….

How long can you live with myocardial infarction?

About 68.4 per cent males and 89.8 per cent females still living have already lived 10 to 14 years or longer after their first infarction attack; 27.3 per cent males, 15 to 19 years; and 4.3 per cent, 20 years or longer; of the females, one is alive 15 years, one 23 years and one 25 years or longer.

What is the most common complication of myocardial infarction?

Complications associated with myocardial infarctionCardiac rupture. … Heart failure. … Pericarditis. … Ventricular septal defect. … Ventricular aneurysm. … Ruptured papillary muscles. … Dressler’s syndrome. … Shoulder hand syndrome. Left shoulder pain and stiffness is felt two to eight weeks after MI and there may be pain and swelling of the hand.More items…•

How do you stop a heart attack immediately?

What to do if you or someone else may be having a heart attackCall 911 or your local medical emergency number. … Chew and swallow an aspirin, unless you are allergic to aspirin or have been told by your doctor never to take aspirin. … Take nitroglycerin, if prescribed. … Begin CPR if the person is unconscious.More items…•

What is the drug of choice for myocardial infarction?

The pain of myocardial infarction is usually severe and requires potent opiate analgesia. Intravenous diamorphine 2.5–5 mg (repeated as necessary) is the drug of choice and is not only a powerful analgesic but also has a useful anxiolytic effect.

What is the best treatment for heart attack?

Medications to treat a heart attack might include:Aspirin. The 911 operator might tell you to take aspirin, or emergency medical personnel might give you aspirin immediately. … Thrombolytics. … Antiplatelet agents. … Other blood-thinning medications. … Pain relievers. … Nitroglycerin. … Beta blockers. … ACE inhibitors.More items…•

What is the goal of treatment for someone who is experiencing an MI?

After the initial management and stabilization of the patient in the early and critical phase of acute myocardial infarction (MI), the goals of care for these patients is to restore normal activities, prevent long-term complications, as well as aggressively modify lifestyle and risk factors.

What are the warning signs of a myocardial infarction?

SymptomsPressure, tightness, pain, or a squeezing or aching sensation in your chest or arms that may spread to your neck, jaw or back.Nausea, indigestion, heartburn or abdominal pain.Shortness of breath.Cold sweat.Fatigue.Lightheadedness or sudden dizziness.

What are the main causes of myocardial infarction?

What are the causes of myocardial infarction (MI, heart attack) other than atherosclerosis?Coronary occlusion secondary to vasculitis.Ventricular hypertrophy (eg, left ventricular hypertrophy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy)Coronary artery emboli, secondary to cholesterol, air, or the products of sepsis.Coronary trauma.More items…